Interpretation of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Development of Communications Industry"

November 10, 2019

According to the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development," the "Accelerate the construction of broadband, convergence, security, ubiquitous next-generation national information infrastructure," and other requirements, revolves around "to accelerate the transformation and upgrading of the communications industry." The main line, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, has compiled the “Twelfth Five-year Development Plan for the Communication Industry” (abbreviated as “Planning”). The Plan has identified eight development goals, ten major tasks, and eight safeguards. This article will focus on interpretation.

Implementing the "broadband China" strategy In order to improve the overall level of national informatization development and narrow the urban-rural digital divide, the country has formulated a "broadband China" strategy.

The "Broadband China" strategy mainly includes three parts:

The first is to coordinate the development and upgrade of the information network's development and build a broadband, converged, secure, ubiquitous next-generation national information infrastructure;

Second, deepen the application, promotion and integration of information and communication technologies and services in various fields of national economy and social development;

The third is to accelerate the popularization of broadband networks and information services, promote people's livelihood, and promote the equalization of basic national public services. Start TD-LTE

To improve the next-generation national information infrastructure, the "Plan" proposes that through the implementation of the "Broadband China" strategy, by the end of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, it is necessary to initially build a broadband, converged, secure, ubiquitous next-generation national information infrastructure, focusing on accelerating The process of broadband information network development, and actively promote the evolution of the next-generation Internet. The specific work is as follows:

First, we must accelerate the process of broadband information networks. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the communications industry will focus on advancing urban fiber-to-the-building homes, speed up broadband network construction in rural areas, optimize backbone networks and metropolitan area networks, and increase broadband penetration and access bandwidth. It is estimated that by the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”, the fiber access network will cover commercial buildings and newly-built communities. The urban fiber-to-household rate of new residential buildings will reach over 60%, and the urban and rural Internet access bandwidth capacity will basically reach 20Mbps and above 4Mbps. Some developed cities The access bandwidth capacity reaches 100Mbps, and the actual bandwidth used by users is significantly increased. (Fixed) More than 250 million broadband Internet access users, more than 40 million fiber-home users, and 95% broadband access to administrative villages, providing broadband network access to medical and educational institutions.

Second, we must coordinate the coordinated development of 2G/3G/WLAN/LTE. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, China will continue to promote telecom companies to speed up the construction of 3G networks and actively and orderly promote the construction of broadband wireless cities; intensify the development of TD-LTE R&D and industrialization and realize commercialization of LTE; vigorously develop mobile Internet and build The business innovation system of high-speed networks, business platforms, and intelligent terminals is integrated to meet the needs of people in production, life, entertainment, learning, and work. It is estimated that by the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”, there will be more than 1.2 billion mobile phone users, a mobile phone penetration rate of over 85/100, and 3G mobile phone users exceeding 450 million, accounting for over 36% of the total mobile phone users.

Third, we must actively promote the evolution of the next-generation Internet. During the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, China will further clarify the timetable for the evolution of IPv6. It is expected that before the end of 2013, pilot small-scale commercial trials of IPv6 will be carried out to form a mature business model and technology evolution route. From 2014 to 2015, large-scale deployment and commercial deployment will be carried out to achieve interoperability between IPv4 and IPv6 mainstream services. At the same time, the security and reliability of the next-generation Internet will be comprehensively promoted, and the commercialization and industrialization of the next-generation Internet based on IPv6 will be promoted. It is estimated that by the end of the Twelfth Five-Year Plan period, there will be more than 800 million Internet users, and the Internet penetration rate will exceed 57%. The top 1,000 commercial website systems support IPv6. The total international service export bandwidth reaches 8Tbps.

Cultivate and expand emerging service industries to co-ordinate the layout of cloud computing infrastructure, share and build cloud computing infrastructure and service platforms, and promote the formation of a cloud computing public service system.

"Planning" proposes to accelerate the development of a new generation of information technology industry and foster and expand emerging service industries.

(a) Development of cloud computing services. To coordinate the layout of cloud computing infrastructure, share and build cloud computing infrastructure and service platforms, and promote the formation of a cloud computing public service system. Promoting qualified companies and government agencies to take the lead in using cloud computing to transform internal IT processes and IT infrastructure. Support cloud computing service innovation and business model innovation, and carry out pilot demonstrations and priority applications in key areas.

(b) Prosper the mobile internet industry. Build an infrastructure-application platform-value chain ecosystem of smart terminals, actively promote cross-border integration, vigorously develop cross-industry businesses such as mobile payments, and vigorously develop digital cultural businesses such as mobile video and mobile phone reading.

(C) Accelerate the development of e-commerce. Develop third-party e-commerce platforms to support integration and upgrade of related systems such as online transactions and credit payments. Carry out mobile e-commerce innovation and application demonstration, improve the mobile e-commerce industry chain, focus on promoting the application of e-commerce by small and medium-sized enterprises, and promote the construction of e-commerce credit system.

(D) accelerate the process of industrialization of the Internet of Things. Strengthen the R&D and standardization of the Internet of Things and gradually improve the standard system of the Internet of Things. Strengthen the construction of specialized public service platforms and the construction of public support institutions to form an industrial public service system with shared resources and complementary advantages. Strengthen the application demonstration of the Internet of Things, actively explore application models and business models, and promote the coordinated development of applications and industries.

To achieve the green development of the telecommunications industry during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, the telecommunications industry must implement the concept of green development in energy conservation, emission reduction, and environmental protection, and mainly do the following:

First, we must give full play to the advantages of information and communication technologies to drive energy saving and emission reduction in the entire society. Research and development of information services and applications that contribute to energy conservation and emission reduction, and focus on increasing the application and promotion of energy-saving and emission-reduction information technologies such as mobile office, videoconferencing, and video surveillance, and improving the level of informatization to drive more extensive energy conservation. Strengthen the communication industry's support and innovation in the application of ICT energy conservation in other industries, and assist the government, enterprises, and public service sectors to achieve energy conservation and emission reduction.

Second, we must speed up the optimization and upgrading of the network structure. Encourage enterprises to adopt energy-saving new technologies and products, and promote the structural and systematic energy-saving innovation of communication networks. Accelerate the upgrading of traditional switching equipment and high energy-consuming equipment, and actively promote the withdrawal of old equipment. Strengthen the statistical analysis of energy consumption, encourage the rational replacement of traditional energy sources with clean energy such as wind, light and natural gas, rationally use wind energy, solar energy, new types of storage batteries and other new energy sources, increase the proportion of new energy, and build a green communication information network.

Third, we must guide IDC to optimize the layout. Follow the principles of suitable climate conditions, convenient energy access, supporting network facilities, and network and information security to guide the construction of new large-scale data centers. Actively and steadily introduce new technologies such as virtualization and mass data storage. Optimize the layout of the equipment room to improve the energy-saving level, using precise air supply, intelligent wiring, rapid cooling of heat sources, and high-voltage DC power supply. The company has issued relevant standards that meet the requirements of the new generation of green IDCs to guide companies to reduce their energy consumption in operations, so that the PUE of new IDCs will reach 1.5 or less, and the PUE value of IDCs after the transformation will strive to fall below 2.

Fourth, we must increase the intensity of green base station construction. Combine the actual use of distributed base stations, SDR soft base stations (software radio base stations for energy conservation), and use intelligent adjustments to reduce the energy consumption of the main equipment. The air-conditioning temperature-raising start-up technology based on natural cold/heat source and battery temperature control is promoted, wind energy and other renewable energy sources are rationally adopted, and new technologies are actively adopted to carry out energy-saving renovation of the already-established base stations.

Fifth, we must further promote the co-construction and sharing of telecommunication infrastructure. We will continue to increase the co-construction and sharing of telecommunication pipelines, poles, towers, computer rooms, and optical fiber cables, and realize the intensive construction of telecommunications infrastructure. Expand the depth and breadth of co-construction and sharing of infrastructure, and conduct joint construction and sharing with radio and television, electricity, railways, transportation, and municipal facilities. We will focus on promoting the building and sharing of residential networks and the establishment of shared facilities after the integration of the three networks, and expand the energy-saving effect of co-construction and sharing.

Sixth, we must strengthen energy conservation in all aspects of the communications industry chain. Strengthen the technological innovation in energy saving and emission reduction in the communications industry, and comprehensively promote energy saving, land saving, material saving, waste recycling, and environmental protection in the areas of equipment manufacturing, engineering design, network construction, and operation and maintenance, and create a healthy industry ecosystem. surroundings. Actively promote the contract energy management pilot work to improve the effect of energy conservation and emission reduction. By the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, the overall energy consumption per unit of telecommunication business will be reduced by 10%, and the PUE of large-scale cloud computing data centers will reach 1.5 or below.

Promoting the Tri-Network Integration Work In late 2011, the pilot phase of the first phase of triple play was completed. In the first phase of the pilot project, local governments actively promoted network construction and industrial development, researched the establishment of a collaborative and efficient working mechanism, gave full play to the main role of the enterprise, encouraged exploration and innovation and other empirical practices, and laid a good foundation for the development of the second phase pilot work.

At present, the pilot phase of the third phase of triple play has officially started. The second-phase pilot areas (cities) are formulating local pilot implementation plans in accordance with relevant requirements, speeding up the construction of networks and related systems, and providing the people with more varied and varied program content and a variety of innovative business applications.

"Planning" proposes the following requirements for triple play:

(I) Accelerate the upgrade of broadband networks. We will vigorously promote the construction of urban fiber-optic broadband access networks and the construction of wireless broadband networks, strive to increase user access bandwidth, and continuously increase the level of network technology and business carrying capacity.

(B) to develop integrated business. Increase the application of resource development, business innovation and market promotion, and vigorously develop IPTV, mobile TV, Internet video and other three-network integration related businesses, driving the upstream and downstream industry chain development.

(3) Improve the innovation system of triple play technology. Strengthen the formulation of national standards and industry standards for triple play, and improve the triple play standard system. Accelerate the development and industrialization of common technologies, key technologies, and basic technologies for triple play. Increase the intensity of scientific and technological research and strengthen the integrated innovation of core products and application services.

Launched TD-LTE scale-up trials The TD-LTE trials included stages such as proof of concept, R&D technology trials, and scale technical trials. As of the end of 2011, the first phase of the TD-LTE scale test conducted in 6 cities has been completed. The test has fully validated the relevant technologies, products, networking performance, and industrial chain support capabilities, and achieved a good expectation. aims.

In general, the first phase of scale test provides the best technical support and service platform for industrial development, effectively promoting the TD-LTE maturity process, and driving the leap forward of the industry. At present, TD-LTE has initially formed a complete industrial chain system with extensive participation of global communication equipment R&D and manufacturing enterprises.

The second-stage test of the scaled technology test was started in early 2012. It focuses on promoting the maturity and improvement of technologies such as TD-LTE/TD-SCDMA multi-mode and enhanced smart antennas. Based on this, it will study and start the expansion of TD-LTE. test.

Since mobile communication services involve the vital interests of telecommunications users, they must be mature before commercialization can be promoted. On the basis of summarizing assessments, trial commercials can be carried out in due course to promote the accelerated development of TD-LTE.

Upgrading rural information services At present, China has entered an important era of eradicating the urban-rural dual structure and forming an integrated new pattern of urban and rural economic and social development. Promoting the formation of equalization of basic public services has become an important task for the overall planning of urban and rural development. According to the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development," the requirement of "promoting the equalization of basic public services" and other requirements, the communications industry will continue to deepen the universal service of information and communications, which is to accelerate the overall development of urban and rural areas and strengthen the basis of rural development. The important measures to increase the level of economic and social informationization are important measures for expanding domestic demand and are an important part of building a new socialist countryside.

The "Planning" pointed out that during the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, China will insist on safeguarding and improving people's livelihood as the fundamental starting point and end result of accelerating the transformation of economic development mode. The communications industry should further deepen the universal service of information and communication and promote the implementation of equalization of information and communication services. The first is to speed up the spread of information infrastructure such as broadband networks to rural and remote areas, and to increase the level of network coverage of social charities; second is to accelerate the application of information and communication technologies and networks in the basic public service system and improve communication in rural areas. Service capacity and level; Third, we must strengthen the promotion of information applications, in-depth development and application of various types of information resources related to agriculture, and continuously improve the level of rural information. It is estimated that by the end of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, more than 20 natural villages that have been connected to electricity will basically have telephone calls, and the proportion of broadband access to administrative villages will reach 95%.

Promoting the development of network information security-related legislation Accompanying the rapid development of communication networks and the continuous improvement of the level of informatization in the entire society, the security problems and threats faced by communication networks have become increasingly prominent. Network and information security issues have become a matter of national political security, economic security, and national defense. Important issues of safety and cultural security.

In the face of increasingly severe network and information security, we must vigorously promote the construction of a network and information security system.

First, we must closely track the development of communication networks and new technology and new services, strengthen top-level design and overall planning, accelerate the construction of relevant laws and standards systems for network information security, and effectively coordinate the handling of the relationship between security and development. Second, we must further strengthen the construction of communication networks and information security infrastructure and extend and expand the system's business capabilities. Third, we must comprehensively use laws and technologies to strengthen the supervision of network information security, implement in-depth corporate security responsibilities, conduct comprehensive new technology and new business security assessments, and create a good network environment. Fourth, we must implement the security standards for communications networks, strengthen the security management of the domain name system, expand and deepen the security protection and emergency management of communications networks, and improve the security protection level of communications networks. It is necessary to further improve and improve the working mechanism and form a concerted effort. Fifth, we must strengthen international and regional network information security cooperation, increase understanding, build consensus, and establish a good external image of China.

The eight policy measures support the development of the communications industry to ensure the implementation of the goals and tasks of the "Plan". During the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, the country will guide the development of the strategic plan, industry development environment, financial and taxation financial support, universal service mechanisms, and telecommunications resources. Management and market supervision systems, international cooperation and exchanges, and talent team construction have introduced and implemented relevant policies and measures.

(I) Strengthen the macro-leading role of strategic planning. Strengthen the national strategic guidance for the development of the next-generation national information infrastructure, clarify the top-level structure of the national information infrastructure, formulate and publish the "Broadband China" strategy, the next-generation Internet strategy and the development guideline for the development of the Internet of Things. Strengthen the construction of technical standards. Establish an integrated planning mechanism for cross-industry information infrastructure. Study and introduce relevant supporting policies such as energy conservation and emission reduction, and guidance on supporting the development of Internet and value-added telecommunications services.

(II) Actively create internal and external environments conducive to the development of the industry. Promote the introduction of the "Telecom Law" and establish and improve relevant laws and regulations and systems. Strengthen the capacity of telecommunications supervision. Strengthen the joint management system and improve the coordination mechanism of Internet management. We will improve the market opening mechanism and make overall plans for opening up and opening to the outside world.

(3) Actively seek financial and taxation and financial policy support. By exerting the leverage of finance, tax, and finance, it will guide major projects and ensure the construction of information infrastructure for the next generation of countries. We will increase support for the development of infrastructure such as fiber-optic broadband networks, next-generation mobile communications networks, next-generation Internet, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things, and guide social resources to increase investment in rural areas, communities, and public welfare organizations. Optimize the external financing environment.

(D) actively promote the improvement of the universal service mechanism. Actively promote the use of various sources of funds such as the comprehensive utilization of fiscal funds and state-owned capital proceeds, expand the scope and service content of universal service policies, and study the establishment of universal service funds. Promote the establishment of a universal service cost compensation method and explore the establishment of a corresponding province-province linkage compensation mechanism. We will give priority to the construction of basic networks and application service facilities in the central and western regions in terms of industrial layout and facilities.

(e) Further strengthen the management of telecommunications resources. The "12th Five-Year Plan" period will be the key stage for the development of China's basic resources. Changes in domestic and foreign demand and situation will put new demands on the allocation and management of basic resources. It is necessary to promote scientific and orderly allocation of basic telecom resources, improve safety and service performance, and enhance basic resource management services. To coordinate the development and management of telecommunication network code numbers, Internet domain names and IP address resources. Do a good job in radio spectrum planning, optimize the allocation of radio frequency spectrum and frequency resource management, increase the efficiency of frequency use, and increase the coordination of radio frequency spectrum management among departments.

(6) Continuously improve the market supervision system. Establish a telecommunication market development and early-warning reporting mechanism to strengthen supervision of market competition behavior. We will do a good job of interconnecting and improving inter-network settlement methods. Strengthen the supervision of telecommunication service quality and focus on standardizing and guiding service behavior in value-added areas. Regulate the price behavior of telecommunications companies and increase the transparency of telecommunication tariffs. Strengthen supervision of value-added telecom services and optimize the structure of value-added telecom services. Improve the departmental, provincial and enterprise website filing system support system to improve the site filing rate and record information accuracy. Further clarify and implement the responsibility of Internet companies and strengthen the supervision and inspection of key enterprises and key businesses. Improve technical means and strengthen mobile intelligent terminal security management. Improve the long-term mechanism for the special treatment of obscene pornography on mobile phones. Identify the active role of industry associations and intermediaries.

(g) Strengthen international cooperation and exchanges. Establish and improve an international dialogue and cooperation mechanism that meets the requirements for the development of globalization of information and communication technologies. Efforts will be made to maintain and expand China's frequency and space orbital resources, and to increase the frequency and space orbital resources to control its capabilities. We will make full use of bilateral and multilateral cooperation mechanisms and encourage companies such as communications equipment manufacturing, telecommunications operations, infrastructure construction and consulting services to “go global” and carry out mutually beneficial cooperation. Actively participate in the International Telecommunication Union and bilateral, regional and multilateral exchange activities.

(8) Strengthen the building of a talent team. Strengthen the introduction and training of talents and speed up the construction of professional talents. Support enterprises to increase the development of talent resources in key areas, increase funding and policy tilt, and introduce high-level talent at home and abroad. Improve incentive mechanisms for scientific and technological innovation, increase the enthusiasm and initiative of independent innovation of professional and technical personnel and participation in the industrialization of scientific research achievements.

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